“Learning without thought is labor lost; thought without learning is perilous.”
Area: 603 700 km2
Population (2017): 42,356,489
Official language: Ukrainian
Independence day: 24 August 1991
Measures: The Metric System
Currency: Hryvnia (UAH)
Time: GMT +2
Voltage: 220 V, 50 Hz
Phone code: +380
Internet domain zone: .ua
Ukraine is situated in the central part of the Eastern Europe. It has common borders with Byelorussia in the north, Hungary, Romania and Moldova in the south and the southwest, Russia in the east, Poland and Slovakia in the west. The Southern coast of Ukraine is washed by Black and Azov seas. Ukraine stretches 893 kilometres from the north to the south and 1316 kilometres from the west to the east. The country occupies the area of 603, 7 square kilometres.
Nature and the Climate of Ukraine
The relief of Ukraine is mainly flat. 95 % of its territory is occupied by plains and only 5 % by mountains. The Ukrainian Carpathian Mountains (the highest point – mountain Goverla – 2061 meter) is situated near the western borders of the country, and the Crimean Mountains (the highest point is mountain Roman Kosh – 1545 meters) are situated in the extreme south of the country. The greatest river of Ukraine is the Dnepr River, which is 2201 km long, and 981 km of which flow through the territory of Ukraine. In general, Ukraine is a country with a moderately continental climate and clearly recognizable change of four seasons. Winter is rather mild, average temperature in January is -7°C with snowfalls, but sometimes there are severe frosts, temperature can range up to -35°C. If in winter time you come from a country with hot and dry weather, bring all warm clothes you have, probably you will have to buy something on arrival. Summer is quite hot and dry with occasional showers and thunderstorms. The average temperature of July is +24°C. You can view the weather forecast in Ukraine for next few days here.
Ukraine is divided into twenty-four oblasts (provinces) and one autonomous republic Crimea. Additionally, two cities, Kiev and Sevastopol, have a special legal status. The oblasts are subdivided into 494 raions (districts). The greatest cities of Ukraine are Kyiv, Kharkov, Dnepropetrovsk, Donetsk, Odessa, and Lvov. The capital of Ukraine Kyiv is one of the biggest cities in Europe. It stands pre-eminent as the administrative, economic, research, cultural and educational center of Ukraine. The area of Kyiv is 836 sq. km. Only 350 sq. km or 42,3% have been built up within the city limits. All the rest is the area of reservoirs and forest tracks and green plantings in general use. The area of green plantings constitutes 214 sq. m per one citizen; this is one of the best indicators in the world. The population in Kyiv is over 3 000 000.
During 2017 Ukraine population is projected to decrease by -154,562 people and reach 42,307,656 in the beginning of 2018. The number of deaths will exceed the number of live births by 191,080, so the natural increase is expected to be negative. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be increased by 36,518 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who move into Ukraine (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants) will prevail over the number of people who leave the country to settle permanently in another country (emigrants).
Ukraine is not a very expensive country as for Western tourists. The national currency of Ukraine is – Hryvnia (100 Kopeks). Foreign currency may be exchanged for hryvnias in banks and in numerous currency exchange offices. The most widespread foreign currencies in Ukraine are US dollar and Euro. Credit cards become more and more widespread in Ukraine, but not all organizations accept them for payment. The most of hotels, restaurants, and shops accept credit cards for payment. The official rate you can see at the site of National bank of Ukraine.
- 1 January – New Year
- 7 January – Christmas
- 8 March – International Women’s Day
- April – Easter
- 1-2 May – Labour Days
- 9 May – Victory Day
- May – Holy Trinity
- 28 June – Constitution Day
- 24 August – Independence Day
High education in Ukraine
Higher education in Ukraine has centuries-old history, national traditions and high prestige in the world. Higher school in Ukraine has got developed training, scientific and social infrastructure and is ready to give an opportunity to every citizen of Ukraine or citizen of any other country to obtain education of different levels, to study at proficiency improvement or advanced courses, to study at post-graduate courses or to write doctorate dissertation, to take part in fundamental and applied researchers. According to the “Law on Education” of Ukraine higher education of Ukraine has several categories of higher educational institutions, which correspond, as a rule, to four levels of accreditation: Level one includes vocational schools and the like who train junior specialists. Level two are colleges and similar organizations who teach bachelors. Level three is made up of universities, institutes, academies, and conservatories which provide education for bachelors and specialists. Level four includes universities, conservatories, institutes and academies which educate bachelors, specialists and masters. The higher educational institutions of III-IV levels of accreditation in Ukraine includes 315 institutions, including 223 institutions of the state form of ownership. Among them, there are 106 universities, 59 academies, and 150 institutes. 48 universities and academies have the status of the national ones. Higher educational institutions possess powerful scientific and teaching potential. Scientific and teaching staff accounts about 80, 000 persons; among them – 4, 500 doctors of science, 33, 000 candidates of science, more than 5,000 professors and around 27, 000 assistant professors. Graduates of higher educational institutions who have outstanding inclinations for scientific-research work have an opportunity to continue their studies at the post-graduate and doctorate course. Terms of entrance and study of foreigners at Ukraine’s Higher education institutions According to the “Law of Education” of Ukraine all applicants entering a higher education institution have equal rights irrespective of their sex, race, nationality, social and property status, occupation, outlook, religion, etc. Education for foreign students in Ukraine is carried out according to the Law of Ukraine “On the Legal Status of Foreigners”, and the resolution of Ukrainian Government on training foreign citizens in Ukraine. According to these documents, foreign citizens may arrive for training in Ukrainian educational establishments only from 15th of August to 15th of November. The academic year in the higher educational institutions of Ukraine starts on the 1st of September and is divided into two terms, from September to the end of January and from February to the end of June. The term lasts 17-18 weeks, followed by a 3 weeks examination period. A foreign applicant who would like to study at higher educational institutions in Ukraine gets a visa at the embassy or diplomatic representatives of Ukraine in the home country on the grounds of the invitation from the higher educational institution.
Places of Interest
Ukraine offers many fascinating museums and art galleries to visit. Ukraine has a strong artistic and cultural heritage which supports many galleries throughout the country. The Podol Fortuna Gallery is known for its social realism art while the Aquarel Gallery and Gallery 36 tend to feature many young, local Ukrainian artists. The Center for Contemporary Art located in Podil, Kyiv is a branch of the internationally known Soros Center for Contemporary Art and serves as a showcase for aspiring artists. Museums are numerous and equally impressive as Ukrainian society is rooted in a strong national culture that pays homage to its heritage through exhibitions at museums and sites of historical interest. Museums such as the Lviv Glass Museum, the National Art Museum and the Solomiya Krushelnytska Musical Museum are just a few of what we feature under our section on museums.